Forests, People and Rights

A Down to Earth Special Report, June 2002

Written by Liz Chidley, edited by Carolyn Marr
and produced with the support of
Forest Peoples Programme and
Rainforest Foundation

Go straight to the PDF.

This special DTE report looks at the context of current issues in forest policy in Indonesia (Part I), describes recent policy changes (Part II) and explores alternatives for sustainable futures for forest peoples (Part III). The report makes the case for fundamental reform which puts community decision-making and recognition of adat rights at the heart of forest management in Indonesia.

The Bahasa Indonesia versions of Part I and Part II are on our archived website.


Part I: Forests, people and rights

Forest figures
Indonesia's disappearing forests
Indonesia's forest wealth
Adat and Indonesian forest law
The Ammatoa of South Sulawesi
Forest classifications
Forestry in the Suharto era
Bob Hasan: downfall of the timber king
The Reforestation Fund
The cost to forest peoples
Plantations in the Suharto period
Pulp and paper
Oil palm
Forest fires
The first signs of reform
A legacy of conflict
Footnotes to Part I

Part II: Forest reforms, post-Suharto

The political and economic context
The increased role of the IFIs
Reforms in the Habibie period
The 1999 Forestry Law
The CGI focus on forests
Reforms during the Wahid period
Regional autonomy and forests
Debt and the forestry industry
Reforms under Megawati
Continued pressure: plywood, pulp
Illegal logging
Oil palm
Forest fires
Fundamental reforms still needed
Footnotes to Part II

Part III: Community forest management: the way forward

What is community forest management?
Pressure for reform & the GoI response
The HKM programme
The Peoples' Forest Programmes
PHBM in Kuningan, West Java
The community forestry movement
CBFM in Wonosobo, Central Java
Agroforestry in Krui, Sumatra
The Behoa people of Central Sulawesi
Revitalising customary laws: Bentek
Logging to save the forests: Pejangki
Forests and communities, W. Kalimantan
Challenges to community management
Footnotes to Part III

2002 Forests report PDF.pdf2.6 MB